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History of Fort Alexander I

Together with the construction of the fort “Peter I” destroyed by the flood, a new fort “Alexander I” was under construction. Construction was carried out for almost nine years and was completed in 1845. The grand opening was attended by Emperor Nicolay I, in honor of whose brother the fort was named.



"Alexander I" was brought to a state of alert three times - in 1855, during the Crimean War; in 1863, due to the possibility of confrontation with the British Empire; in 1877, during the Russian-Turkish war. However, the fort never took part in hostilities, since the enemy ships were afraid to come close to its firing positions.


From 1899 to 1917, the fort was used as a laboratory for the study of plague. Despite all the efforts, outbreaks of plague occurred in the fort every now and then. After another outbreak and the death of doctors in 1907, the fort was assigned the unofficial name of “The Plague”.


Since the early 1980s, the fortress was abandoned. In 1985, there was shot the film “Gunpowder”, which told about real events from the history of the defense of Leningrad. As a result of the large-scale fire required by the plot of the film, the fort "Alexander I" was completely burned out.